Compared to other team sports, volleyball may involve less physical contact but it is still a challenging sport for the reason that the sport entails constant motion. Being purely a rebound sport, no player can hold the ball but can only pass, set, hit, spike or block the ball.
Volleyball is played by two teams on a court that’s divided crosswise by a net. The offensive goal of each team is to send the ball – without holding the ball in such a way that it lands on the floor of the opposing team.
Each team consists of 6 players who have to rotate in a clockwise position each time the team wins back service time. Three players are at the net positions and another three are in the back. Only the players in the web can block or spike near the net. Those at the back court may also spike or block provided that they leap from behind the three-meter-line, also known as the attack line.
In 1998, the International Federation of Volleyball introduced a new professional player position called the libero who’s the only one that doesn’t take part in rotation.
The libero serves a critical function in receiving service and playing defense in the backcourt. Although he can’t serve, spike or rotate into the frontline, he holds the secret to making his team conduct a successful offense by a combination of excellent passing and ball-handling.
Volleyball has embraced since 1998 a standard scoring system known as the Rally Point System which enables a group to score a point no matter whichever of the two teams is functioning. This is unlike the traditional scoring system where only the staff at service can score.
The ball is hurled into play by a service. Each team is allowed only 3 hits in the service reception. The ball is volleyed back and forth in what’s called a rally. The rally goes on until the ball becomes grounded on the playing court, goes from the court or is not returned properly.
A receiving team that wins a rally not only gains a point but also wins the right to function and the opportunity to rotate clockwise.
Matches are staged through best-of-five sets. A team wins a set if he out scores the opponent by at least 2 points. As there isn’t any ceiling point, a set continues until a team wins by two points.
During the early years of volleyball, the regular attire includes baggy shirts and shorts. Today, volleyball uniforms are less baggy and more formal-looking. Shirts could either be sleeveless, short-sleeved or long-sleeved and paired with trousers or shorts.